Awash National Park

Awash National Park: A Must-See Destination in Ethiopia

What if you could witness the power and beauty of nature in one place? Imagine standing on the edge of a dramatic gorge, watching the mighty Awash River plunge over the edge in a cascade of white water. Feel the gentle breeze as you admire the palm trees and listen to the exotic birds. Gaze at the distant dormant volcano, its peak hidden by mist.

Awash National Park, tucked away in Ethiopia, is awe­some! It’s a park filled with varying scene­ries from forests to woodlands, and animals from gazelle­s to lions.

Yet, Awash is not just eye candy. It’s a site­ of nature, culture, and adventure­. In this blog, we’ll tour Awash National Park, spotlighting key attractions and expe­riences. Advice on trip planning, packing, and the­ best visiting season will be share­d. So, are you ready to explore the wild wonders of Awash National Park? Let’s go!

Pros  Cons
Dry-country wildlife
Great birding
Very accessible en route from Addis to Harar
Scenic highlights
Mt Fentale climb available
Low wildlife densities
Human encroachment
Pros & Cons of Awash National Park

Where is Awash National Park located?

Awash National Park is situated in the northern part of the Great Rift Valley, where the valley widens into the Afar depression. The park located between the Oromia and Afar regions, about 215 km east of Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. The park’s headquarters are located at Gottu, near the park’s southern boundary. The park covers an area of 756 sq km and has an altitude range of 750-2007m asl (at the top of Mt. Fantalle, a dormant volcano).

The park takes its name from  Awash River, which flows along its southern boundary and creates some spectacular waterfalls near the headquarters. The Awash River originates in the Ethiopian highlands and ends in Lake Abbe, a salt lake on the border with Djibouti. The park is accessible by both the main highway and the Djibouti railway, which cross the park’s heart.

Awash Nationala Park Map
Awash National Park Map

What makes Awash National Park unique?

It is the hidden beauty of Awash National Park in Ethiopia that can make it such a very unique place compared to others because this park has so many wonders. Let us set on a voyage to discover what sets Awash National Park apart from all the rest.

Awash National Park Wildlife: A Safari Paradise

Awash National Park, nestled in the heart of the Rift Valley, stands as an unparalleled safari paradise, boasting an extraordinary array of wildlife that transforms every expedition into an unforgettable adventure. Let’s delve into the diverse and captivating world of Awash’s wildlife.

Majestic Creatures in Every Co/hrner

From the graceful oryx to the playful baboons, Awash National Park is a haven for safari enthusiasts. The open areas and grass plains come alive with the sight of grazing zebras, Beisa oryx, kudu, Soemmerring’s gazelle, and Swayne’s hartebeest. Olive and hamadryas baboons, along with colobus and grivet monkeys, add to the dynamic scene near the river. Spotting the elusive dik-dik camouflaged in the shade of acacia thorns is a thrilling experience. The park also hosts feline royalty, including cheetah, serval, leopard, lion, black-backed and golden jackals, and caracals.

Diverse Mammalian Tapestry

Awash National Park boasts more than 81 species of mammals, making it a sanctuary for charismatic creatures. The iconic Beisa Oryx, tiny Salt’s Dik-Dik, Grivet Monkey, and Lesser Kudu grace the landscape. Vulnerable species, such as the Soemmerring’s Gazelle and the regal lion, contribute to the park’s significance in conservation. Additionally, the Spotted-necked Otter adds a touch of aquatic charm.

Hotspots for Wildlife Encounters

Ilala-Sala Plain: This extensive plain supports herds of Oryx and Soemmerring’s gazelle, creating captivating scenes.

Around Gotu Head Quarter: Explore opportunities to witness Lesser kudu, Anubis baboon, Defassa waterbuck, and Grivet monkey along the scenic river.

Among Shrubs of the Park: Discover the elusive Lesser kudu, Warthog, and Salt’s dikdik seamlessly blending into their surroundings.

Kudu Valley: A site where the majestic Greater kudu occasionally graces the landscape along the Awash River.

A Symphony of Wildlife Species

Awash National Park showcases a diverse range of wildlife, including Beisa oryx, Soemmerring’s gazelle, Greater kudu, Lesser kudu, Salt’s dikdik, Defassa waterbuck, Mountain reedbuck, and Common bushbuck. The park is also home to predators like Lion, Leopard, Striped hyena, Black-backed jackal, Common jackal, Bat-eared fox, Serval cat, Caracal, and Warthog.

Rare Avian Delights

With over 400 recorded bird species, Awash National Park becomes a haven for birdwatchers. Highlights include the vibrant Abyssinian roller, showcasing its acrobatic courtship display, alongside other rare and endangered birds.

Untamed Beauty Preserved

Awash National Park stands as a testament to Ethiopia’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage. With stunning landscapes, diverse animals, and a multitude of bird species, Awash National Park is not just a safari destination; it’s an immersive experience into the untamed beauty of Ethiopia’s wildlife. Join us on a virtual safari through Awash National Park, where every corner reveals a new chapter in the captivating story of the safari paradise.

Diverse Ecosystems of Awash National Park: An Ecological Marvel

Awash National Park stands as a testament to Ethiopia’s ecological diversity, boasting a harmonious blend of landscapes that range from arid savannahs to lush riverbanks. This diverse ecosystem serves as a thriving haven for an array of flora and fauna, showcasing the rich biodiversity that defines Awash.

Awash National PArk
Awash National PArk

Arid Acacia Woodlands

Dominating the park, the Arid Acacia Woodlands feature drought-tolerant trees and shrubs like Acacia tortilis, Acacia senegal, Acacia nilotica, and Balanites aegyptiaca. This ecosystem provides vital sustenance and shelter for iconic species such as beisa oryxes, Soemmerring’s gazelles, lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas.

Thorned Bushlands

Characterized by overgrazed land, Thorned Bushlands showcase eroded soil and sparse, spiny vegetation. Acacia nubica and Acacia mellifera, with sharp thorns deterring herbivores, create a habitat for smaller species like salt’s dik-diks, lesser kudus, grivet monkeys, and spotted-necked otters.

Grazing Savannas

Interspersed with acacia trees, Grazing Savannas are grasslands featuring perennial tussocks like Cymbopogon and Chrysopogon. Essential for grazing animals, these savannas are home to Defassa waterbucks, warthogs, hippopotamuses, and hamadryas baboons.

Diverse Riverine Wetlands

Thriving along the Awash River and its tributaries, Diverse Riverine Wetlands boast abundant water and diverse vegetation. Doum palm trees and desert date trees create a humid environment, forming pools, lakes, waterfalls, and gorges. These wetlands serve as a refuge for a myriad of species, including Abyssinian rollers, eastern yellow-billed hornbills, Nile crocodiles, and tilapias.

Mount Fantale

Adding a geological marvel to the park, Mount Fantale’s crater at 2007m above sea level provides a unique habitat. The active steams rising from the crater offer a prime location to view Mountain reedbuck and Klipspringer, especially during the early morning and late afternoons.

Mount Fantale
Amazing View of Mount Fantale

Awash National Park, with its semi-arid climate, showcases the Acacia-Commiphora forest, preserving a vital ecosystem under anthropogenic pressures. Threats like firewood and charcoal extraction and overgrazing are carefully managed to maintain this unique environment.

Cultural Marvels Within Awash National Park

In addition to being a paradise for nature lovers, Awash National Park is also an epitome of Ethiopian history since the past mixes in it like pieces and threads weave patterns into cloth. Surrounded by majestic sceneries of varying vegetation and wildlife, Awash reveals its cultural wonders which visitors may study with regard to culture heritage among local people.

at Awash National Park
at Awash National Park

Local Communities and Traditions:

The park has attractive local communities with the Kereyu, Itu and Afar among them each one unique in its ways of life. Explore their culture by visiting villages and interacting with the locals, to understand what lies at the core of Awash’s cultural diversity.

Melka Kunture:

A pilgrimage into Awash’s cultural history leads to Melka Kunture, a Paleolithic site in the upper Awash Valley. Here, ancient human fossils and stone tools whisper stories from the past. The site boasts a museum showcasing archaeological findings and artifacts, offering a window into Ethiopia’s early human history.

Fantalle Crater:

In your journey through Awash, meet Fantalle Crater – the sacred abode of ancestral spirits that is venerated by Kereyu people. This volcanic crater is not only significant culturally but holds a hot spring that locals use for rituals and ceremonies.

Awash Cultural Festival:

Experience the vibrant pulse of Awash’s cultural diversity at the annual Awash Cultural Festival. A celebration of unity, the festival brings together communities living in and around the park. Traditional music, dance, delectable food, crafts, sports, and ceremonial rituals paint a vivid picture of the ethnic groups’ rich heritage.

A Symphony of Sounds: Awash Falls

Snuggled within the interior of Awash National Park, the alluring waterfall called Awash Falls is a sight to behold with its perpetual clamor as it falls into synchronicity throughout this entire national park. This natural phenomenon is not only a sight to behold but also an enthralling sound affair enough reason why it should be in all visitors’ must-see list.

Witnessing the Majestic Awash Falls:

With some portion of the Awash River flowing over rough cliffs, it morphs into legendary waterfalls. The view of the water flowing is a feast for human eyes as they can see it cascading amidst untouched natural beauty of the park.

Filwuha Hot Springs: A Tranquil Oasis

Located in the northern part of the park, the Filwuha Hot Springs add an extra layer of allure to the Awash Falls experience. The sparkling blue-green pools invite visitors to relax in their soothing embrace. Along the escarpment, the Doum palm forest unfolds, providing a picturesque backdrop. Keep your eyes peeled, and you might catch glimpses of Hamadryas baboons, Defassa waterbucks, and crocodiles in this serene oasis.

The Awash River: Nature’s Masterpiece

As the second longest river in Ethiopia, the Awash River is a work of nature about 1200 kilometers long flow. Starting from Ginchi west of Addis, the river meanders through the Rift Valley to glorious scenic wonders. The route of the Awash River is highlighted by magnificent waterfalls, profound gorges and beautiful riverine forests. It becomes even more attractive for wildlife lovers observing sightings of crocodiles, hippos and plenty aquatic birds.

An Unforgettable Experience:

Whether you are captivated by using the rhythmic sounds of the falls or immersed inside the tranquil environment of the Filwuha Hot Springs, Awash Falls guarantees an unforgettable experience. Nature’s symphony, complemented by means of the breathtaking landscapes and various wildlife, makes this appeal a ought to-see in Awash National Park.

Awash National Park: A Birder’s Paradise

Discover the enthralling world of birdwatching in Awash National Park, Ethiopia, in which the numerous avifauna creates a haven for fowl enthusiasts. With over four hundred (400) recorded species, such as 37 endemics, Awash stands out as a birder’s paradise, supplying a glimpse into the wealthy tapestry of East and West African, in addition to Palearctic, birdlife.

Awash National Park: A Birder's Paradise
Awash National Park: A Birder’s Paradise

Awash’s Avian Wonders:

  1. Great Ostrich: .A frequent sight in Awash, those majestic birds roam the savannah, including a hint of grandeur to the park’s panorama.
  2. Secretary Bird: Catch a glimpse of the less not unusual but charming Secretary Bird as it gracefully navigates the park’s terrain.
  3. Abyssinian Ground Hornbill: Marvel on the Abyssinian Ground Hornbill, a specific hen adding individual to the avian populace.
  4. Carmine Bee-eaters: Vivid flashes of coloration brighten the skies as Carmine Bee-eaters grace Awash with their breathtaking presence.
  5. Abyssinian Roller: Enjoy the sight of the Abyssinian Roller, a true gem a number of the park’s various hen species.
Awash National Park: A Birder's Paradise
Awash National Park: A Birder’s Paradise

Avifauna Diversity:

Awash National Park boasts an impressive 453 recorded bird species, including six endemics. From the regal Kori Bustard in the dry savannas to the Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill frequenting thorny shrubs, the park’s avifauna offers a spectacle like no other.

Notable Species Include:

  • Banded Barbet
  • Golden-backed Woodpecker
  • White-winged Cliff-chat
  • Thick-billed Raven
  • White-billed Starling
  • Secretary Bird
  • Bustards and Storks

An Unforgettable Birding Experience:

Embark on a birding adventure in Awash National Park, in which the symphony of chook calls and the vibrant shades of feathered population create an unforgettable experience. Whether you’re an avid birder or a informal observer, Awash promises to delight with its outstanding avian variety.

Where to Stay in Awash National Park?

Choosing the right accommodation can significantly enhance your experience in Awash National Park. Here are some excellent options, catering to various preferences:

1. Awash Falls Lodge:

Nestled by the enchanting Awash Falls, this eco-friendly lodge features 30 simple en suite tukul-style rooms. The establishment includes a bar and restaurant serving both local and international cuisine. Enjoy activities such as bird watching, game drives, trekking, and cultural visits during your stay.

Awash Falls Lodge
Awash Falls Lodge

2. Kereyou Lodge:

For a cozy and rustic experience, Kereyou Lodge is located outside the park, near the scenic Awash River. The lodge offers simple and clean rooms, a restaurant, a bar, and a charming garden. Engage in leisure activities like fishing, boating, and horse riding for a delightful retreat.

3. Doho Lodge and Hot Springs Resort:

Experience luxury at Doho Lodge and Hot Springs Resort, situated outside the park near the Doho hot springs. The resort boasts elegant and spacious rooms, a restaurant, a bar, a spa, and a refreshing swimming pool. Indulge in activities like hot spring bathing, massage, and yoga for a rejuvenating stay.

Doho Lodge and Hot Springs Resort
Doho Lodge and Hot Springs Resort

Weather at Awash National Park

Rainy Season

Awash National Park experiences two distinct rainy seasons, contributing to its unique climate. The “small” rain typically starts in February and continues through April, while the “big” rains occur from July to September. The average annual rainfall in the park and its surroundings is approximately 570 mm.


The weather in Awash National Park is generally hot and dry. There is a short Wet season from July to September. Temperatures are quite consistent throughout the year. Days are hot at about 32°C/90°F, but peak temperatures can be much higher. Nights cool down to an average of 18°C/64°F.

Weather Insights:

  • Warmest Months: March, April, May, June, July, August, and September.
  • Driest Month: January.
  • Coldest Months: January and December.
  • Rainiest Months: July and August.
Best Time To GoHigh SeasonSizeAltitude
Oct to Feb (Little rain and less hot)Sep to Apr (The park is never busy)756km² / 292mi²758-1,864m 
/ 2,487-6,115ft
Awsh National Park General Information

Best Time To Visit Awash National Park: A Seasonal Guide

Planning a trip to Awash National Park? Choosing the right time to visit ensures an optimal experience, considering weather conditions and wildlife activity. Here’s a breakdown of the best times to explore this Ethiopian gem:

1. October to February: Prime Exploration

  • Weather: Experience the best conditions with cooler temperatures and minimal rainfall.
  • Activities: Ideal for bird watching as Palearctic migrants stay from November to March.

2. March to June: Favorable Conditions

  • Weather: Good time to visit with favorable weather conditions.
  • Consideration: Expect slightly warmer temperatures, but overall a pleasant experience.

3. July and August: Rainy Challenge

  • Weather: Wettest months, posing a challenge for visitors.
  • Consideration: July can be scorching hot, and August sees significant rainfall.

4. May to August: Low Season Advantage

  • Consideration: Despite the rain, this period marks the low season.
  • Advantage: Enjoy a quieter experience with fewer visitors, and possibly lower rates.

Over All:

  • Best Weather Months: January, February, March, April, May, June, September, October, November, and December.
  • Optimal Wildlife Viewing: October to February.
  • Low Season Perks: May to August.

Make the most of your Awash National Park adventure by aligning your visit with the best time suited to your preferences and interests. Whether you seek wildlife encounters or a serene escape, understanding the seasonal nuances enhances your overall experience.

Getting to Awash National Park: Your Guide to Seamless Travel

All international flights land at Bole International Airport (ADD) in Addis Ababa. Your safari operator will be there to greet you upon arrival and handle all the necessary travel arrangements.

Given the vast expanse of Ethiopia, domestic flights are a popular means of transportation. Flights are available to various points of interest, including historical towns, though direct flights to parks like Awash National Park are not currently offered. To access these parks, you can take a domestic flight to the nearest town, where your guide and driver will meet you at the local airport.

For those who prefer ground travel, drive-around tours, especially to southern Ethiopia, are readily available. Even if you choose to fly between destinations, incorporating some car travel into your itinerary can be a rewarding experience, allowing you to witness the picturesque Ethiopian countryside.


In essence, Awash National Park emerges as a fundamental destination, showcasing the diverse tapestry of Ethiopia’s herbal and cultural wonders. From the fascinating flora and fauna, such as the majestic Beisa Oryx and vibrant chicken species, to the cultural gem stones like Melka Kunture and the Awash Cultural Festival, every aspect of the park invites exploration.

As you ponder your next travel journey, remember Awash National Park for an immersive enjoy that seamlessly blends nature and background. Plan your go to for the duration of the finest months from October to February, ensuring a pleasing journey with first-class weather and considerable wildlife.

Embark on a Journey of Discovery!

Book your trip to Awash National Park these days and witness the unheard of splendor and richness it has to provide. Immerse yourself in the symphony of nature, discover cultural marvels, and create reminiscences in an effort to closing an entire life. Awash awaits – a ought to-see destination that promises an unforgettable adventure within the coronary heart of Ethiopia.

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